Collective Action / ICCA
What is Collective Action?
When acting jointly, businesses, civil society and the public sector can more effectively tackle corruption.
Anti-corruption Collective Action initiatives can include industry standards, multi-stakeholder initiatives, and public-private partnerships. The focus is generally on the "supply" side of bribery because companies engage with other stakeholders to tackle the payment of bribes.
The World Bank Institute describes anti-corruption Collective Action as ...
‘a collaborative and sustained process of cooperation amongst stakeholders. It increases the impact and credibility of individual action, brings vulnerable individual players into an alliance of like-minded organizations and levels the playing field between competitors.’
Three types of Collective Actions
In practice, we identify these categories of Collective Actions:
- an anti-corruption declaration
- a standard setting or principles based initiative, which can also include a certification model to monitor and audit adherence to an agreement not to bribe
- an Integrity Pact
International Centre for Collective Action (ICCA)
Building on the Basel Institute’s decade long track record of support to and research into Collective Action initiatives against corruption, and to formalise and further strengthen the impact of this engagement, the Basel Institute in 2012 launched the International Centre for Collective Action (ICCA). The purpose of the ICCA is to assist companies and other concerned stakeholders in enhancing their ability to reduce the risk of corruption through Collective Action.
The promotion of Collective Action against corruption was one of the key objectives of the Basel Institute when it was founded in 2003, formalising an engagement of the Basel Institute’s President Professor Mark Pieth and other leading Institute members in this area that dates back to the early 1990s.
Our track record
Highlights of the Basel Institute's track record include:
- Global cross-sectoral initiatives:
- Founding (and current) Member of the Board of the World Economic Forum Partnering Against Corruption Initiative (PACI)
- Global sector/specific initiatives:
- Founding (and current) member of the Wolfsberg Group on Money Laundering
- Founder and facilitator of several Collective Action initiatives, including in the defence, logistics and transport, art trade, finance, and transport & energy sectors
- National/local cross-sectoral initiatives:
- High Level Reporting Mechanism (with OECD)
- Facilitation of a high-level Collective Action anti-corruption initiative in Ukraine
Institutional partners of the ICCA, which jointly form the ICCA’s Steering Committees include:
- International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA)
- Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
- TRACE International
- Transparency International (TI)
- Universidad de San Andrés Argentina
- World Economic Forum (WEF)
- The ICCA further partners with the Global Compact for the implementation of its mandate to act as B20 Collective Action Hub.
The ICCA is funded through a grant by the Siemens Integrity Initiative (SII) and through Basel Institute core funding. For the maintenance of the B20 Collective Action Hub, the Basel Institute will apply for increased funding under the SII’s second funding round (funding decisions expected in late 2014). In addition, members of sectoral Collective Action initiatives moderated by the ICCA will be required to contribute to the funding of these efforts over time. Finally, additional corporate sponsoring is sought from global companies actively engaged in anti-corruption Collective Action.